First Class CW Operators' Club



(Courtesy QST/ARRL)

FOC is committed to fostering and encouraging a high standard of operating and to protecting the future of CW.

Young or old, novice or old-timer, each of us can always improve our CW skills. Learning or improving means more fun; "head copying" while in a QSO, gaining a few more points in a contest, snagging a new DX entity or enjoying using a variety of Morse code keys.

On this page you can find some resources, in which FOC members play a role, to help you do that.

On-Line Help

Morse Trainer by Ray, G4FON (FOC 1874)

This free Windows software uses the Koch method, teaching CW two letters at a time sent at the speed that you want to achieve, e.g. 15 wpm. When those two are mastered others are added. As you improve your skill you can add QRM, QSB and QRN. You can also adjust the character speed and the spacing between the characters.

Ray gave the presentation "Improving your Morse Code skills from 5NN TU to effortless casual rag-chewing" at the 2018 RSGB convention.

Learn CW On-Line by Fabian, DJ1YFK (FOC 1796)

This free course, using the Koch method, lives in "the cloud." It includes teaching and practice at various speeds using text and code groups. There's even QTC practice for the WAE contest.

Pileup Practice by Chuck, NO5W (FOC 1944)

Chuck has been providing the software used for the Kansas City DX Club's pileup competition a the Dayton hamfest for about the past ten years. He's put several years worth of his competition archives on his website. They're great practice for digging calls out of the mob.

Reading Material

FOC Guide to Morse Code Proficiency by Gary, ZL2IFB (FOC 1912)

Click above to reach this free, comprehensive guide.

Chapters include:
  • Speed
  • Timing
  • Pitch
  • Swings and fists
  • Sending and copying better CW

Morse Code Operating for Amateur Radio by Rob, K6RB (FOC 1821) and Jim, N3JT (FOC 1067).

This paperback is available from the ARRL bookstore. 

Chapters include:

  • Learning Basic Morse
  • How to Operate CW
  • Setting Up a CW Station
  • More Fun with CW


DITS and DAHS by Ed, KR3E (FOC 1878)

This paperback is available from the CQ Magazine bookstore.

Chapters include:

  • Getting Keyed Up
  • On the Air
  • Signs, Signals and Procedures
  • Mobile and Portable Operation

Zen and the Art of Radiotelegraphy by Carlo, IK0YGI (FOC 1937)

  • Learning CW
  • Getting Started With Morse Code (6 weekly lessons)
  • Increasing Speed
  • Keys and Keyers

    Morse Code For Radio Amateurs by Roger, G3LDI (FOC 2037)

    This paperback is available from the RSGB bookstore.

    All About Squeeze-Keying by Karl, DJ5IL (FOC 1980)

    Click above to read this extensive article about keys and suggestions about how to use the squeeze-keying technique.

    Classes and Clubs

    Boot Camp

    The Essex CW Club in England, with financial support from FOC, runs day-long classes aimed at helping hams improve their CW. Instructors are Dean, G4WQI (FOC 2107) and Andy, G0IBN (FOC 2048). Students are broken into three groups: 10 wpm and under, up to 24 wpm and 25 wpm and up. The aim is to progress to the top of each group and, eventually, move into the next. Information is also provided about using a paddle, how to set up a straight key and CW procedures.

    Here is a video from the 2017 Boot Camp.

    CW Academy

    Instructors from the CWops club use internet video conferencing to guide students through three levels, starting with learning basic CW and running through 25+. They use the Koch system of sending characters at high speed mixed with slower speed spacing. Sign up early...there's a waiting list.

    RSGB 2018 Convention Lecture - Improving your Morse skills

    Lecture by Ray Burlingame-Goff, G4FON

    The aim of this talk is to give you an insight into ways to becoming sufficiently proficient in Morse Code that you too can enjoy conversational Morse QSO’s on the bands.

    Video Copyright RSGB 2018

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